There are many referencing styles. Make sure that you know which referencing style your School or lecturer wants you to use.
What is referencing?
When writing an essay or assignment, you are required to acknowledge all the sources of information that you have used, whether you are directly copying the words of another author (quoting) or putting their ideas into your own words (paraphrasing). This is so you can
- prove that your work has a substantial, factual basis,
- show the research you've done to reach your conclusions, and
- allow your readers to identify and retrieve the references for their own use.
References have two parts:
- In-text references (e.g. author and year) for using within the text of your work
- The reference list, for providing full details of each in-text reference used in that work.